Open, non-controlled, parallel cohorts, multicenter, phase 2a trial for the evaluation of the antitumor activity of an IMP single agent and in combination with chemotherapy in patients with locally advanced or metastatic colorectal cancer.


Interventional clinical trial in Oncology (Phase II)


Colorectal Cancer (CRC) is the second most commonly diagnosed cancer in Europe. Advanced and metastatic CRC remain unmet need diseases, with few therapeutic options beyond 2-3 lines of therapy. The median survival for patients with metastatic CRC is around 30 months. Anti-Müllerian hormone receptor II (AMHRII) expression is restricted to really small number of normal tissues, but has been shown to be over-expressed in around two thirds of gynecological tumors.

This has led to the development a new investigational medicinal product (IMP), an antibody targeting the AMHRII that had demonstrated in a phase I study in advanced gynecological cancers excellent tolerability profile associated with hints of activity. Recently it has been suggested that more than three quarters of colorectal tumors bear the AMHRII receptor at the tumoral cell membrane.

The aim of this phase 2a trial was to evaluate the antitumor activity of the new IMP as single agent and in combination with XX/XX in previously treated patients suffering from refractory advanced or metastatic colorectal cancer.


This was a multinational, multicenter, open, non-controlled trial with a parallel group design. Patients suffering from confirmed locally advanced or metastatic colorectal cancer were considered for inclusion and include in either Cohort I (IMP alone) or Cohort II (IMP in combination with XX/XX).



  • To evaluate the anti-tumor activity of the IMP single agent and in combination with XX/XX in locally advanced and metastatic colorectal cancers (CRC)


  • Document potential pharmacodynamics effect of the IMP in immune blood cells
  • Investigate potential relationship between AMRHII levels and clinical outcomes.
  • Identify potential other biomarkers predictive of tumor response to the IMP.


  • Assess the pharmacokinetic parameters.
  • Characterize the safety profile in monotherapy and in combination with chemotherapy.
  • Evaluate anti-tumour activity
  • Assess the potential immunogenicity.


  • Poster presentation at ASCO 2019
  • Poster presentation at WCGIC 2019.

Key factors of success

  • ICTA’s expertise in risk management and site contract management
  • ICTA’s capability to propose innovative solutions for uncommon projects
  • ICTA’s ability to manage several stakeholders to carry out all study procedures and examinations in accordance with the study protocol.

LESSONS LEARNED for future similar trials

  • The importance of close collaboration and communication between ICTA, Sponsor and all key stakeholders, including a commonly agreed communication plan
  • The value of optimal project coordination, with careful attention given to agreed timelines
  • Close management of ICTA resources to allow proactive and reactive actions/responses, including trial status progress report.


Short recruitment periodFeasibility handled in 2 countries and focused on KoL.
Patient potential per site endorsed at the earliest in order to increase the number of sites if needed
Successful project including complete Clinical Study Report (CSR) used to obtain ATMP market approval in Europe
Several stakeholders involved in the laboratory sample handling
(sites, CRO, logistician, 5 central labs) High risk of misunderstanding and errors
Communication plan validated by each stakeholder at the start-up phase
Regular reminders to sites regarding the request for collection of samples
Set up of adequate logistics and related trackers with all central labs
Financial contract backlog
Significant delay in negotiating contracts due to site workload. High risk of postponing SIV and start of patient recruitment.
Contract negotiations started at the earliest.
Flexible and fast in the negotiations.
Contract negotiations to be started concomitantly with preparation of regulatory submissions
100% of active sites within planned timelines
Risk of material incompatibility for IMP infusion (pump, tubing, bags,…)Provision of uniform infusion pumps to sitesMaterial available on site checked from PSV phase